There are two main ways to invest in real estate: buying property and investing in real estate trusts, also known as REITs. REITs allow you to invest in a diversified portfolio of properties without actually having to go out and buy them yourself.
Scroll down and read everything about REITs, from the different types of REITs to the risks and benefits associated with them.
REITs are real estate investment trusts. A real estate investment trust (REIT) is a company that owns, and in most cases operates, income-producing real estate.
REITs are created to offer a way for investors to invest in large-scale, institutional-quality real estate assets without having to directly purchase property.
Typically, REITs own and manage a portfolio of commercial properties, such as office buildings, retail centers, hotels, and apartments.
In exchange for tax breaks and other benefits from the government, REITs are required to distribute at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders every year in the form of dividends.
This high level of dividend payout makes REITs attractive investments for income-seeking investors.
REITs own real estate, but when you buy a REIT, you are also buying a business.
REITs offer several advantages over buying property yourself. You don’t have to be an expert in real estate to invest in REITs.
- All you need is some money to invest and a willingness to let someone else manage your money for you.
- Second, because REITs are traded publicly on stock markets, they offer liquidity (the ability to sell your shares quickly and easily) that most real estate investments do not.
- And finally, because it is an investment in a real estate property portfolio, REITs generally offer investors diversification benefits.
A REIT functions as an exchange-traded fund. It owns various properties and may pay off depending on how the market performs.
- An investor will purchase REIT’s shares.
- He will examine the REIT’s performance in the market.
- The value of the REIT will fluctuate following the value of the trust’s properties. The amount of change in value will differ.
- The investor will get dividend distributions. The size of these returns depends on the quantity of money invested.
The trust manager selects the properties for the portfolio and subsequently manages their upkeep, renovation, and rent collection. Investors, like you, purchase and sell units in the trusts through a stockbroker, just as they do with equities.
The exchange publishes trust prices in the same manner that average share prices are published, and they may be found on various online stockbroking sites and in daily newspapers.
Dividends, also known as distributions, are paid to investors every three to six months. Retail investors benefit from increases in the value of their properties since they own them.
Because the trusts do not pay taxes, they cannot grant franking credits, albeit there are numerous taxable income benefits of REITs to institutional investors.
The United States, in 1960, established the first REITs. The concept was introduced to Australia by John Gandel in 1985 with Centro Properties Group, after which GPT group in 1986 and Westfield Holdings Ltd in 1987 followed the listing.
The Australian REIT investments market multiplied over the next decade. The number of trusts increased from three to more than 30, and property assets under management rose from $0.75 billion to $35 billion.
By 2007, there were 50 REITs on the Australian Stock Exchange with a combined market capitalisation of $60 billion.
The global financial crisis had a significant impact on real estate investment trusts. In the United States, many REITs’ values fell by more than 50% from its peak in 2007 to its trough in 2009. In Australia, the value of REITs fell by approximately 40% over the same period.
However, since 2009, both the US and Australian REIT markets have recovered strongly. As of June 2013, there were 191 REITs on stock exchanges worldwide with a combined market capitalisation of US $783 billion (A$884 billion).
There are three main types of REITs: equity REITs, mortgage REITs and hybrid REITs.
Equity REITs own and operate income-producing real estate properties. They generate revenue from rents paid by tenants and other property-related income, such as parking fees, laundry services and concessions.
These types of trusts invest in real estate mortgages or mortgage-backed securities. These REITs generate revenue primarily through the interest earned on these investments.
Hybrid REITs are a mix of both equity and mortgage REITs. They typically have a higher dividend yield than pure equity REITs because they use leverage to increase their returns. However, this also increases their risk.
Equity REITs are the least risky real estate investment trusts because they own income-producing properties. Mortgage REITs are riskier because they invest in mortgages and mortgage-backed securities.
These investments can be affected by changes in interest rates and the economy. Hybrid REITs have the highest risk since they use leverage to increase their returns. It also increases their vulnerability to market fluctuations.
Rental property and REITS are the most common and profitable strategies to invest in Real estate. But which one is best between the two? It depends on your goal of investment.
Rental properties are exactly what they sound like - you purchase a property and then rent it out to tenants. You’re responsible for all aspects of the property, from finding and screening tenants to paying the mortgage and maintaining the property.
Usually, rental properties provide more rent to investors than what they are paying in mortgage, taxes, repairs.
REITs are a type of security that allows you to invest in a basket of properties without having to own or manage any of them yourself. REITs can add stability to your investment portfolio. These are publicly traded, privately traded or publicly non-traded.
Comparing REITs with rental properties is like comparing apples with oranges. With one. You will get direct ownership while with another you are owning shares in a company whose only goal is to own and run a portfolio of real estate assets.
Rental properties can be a great way to hedge against inflation. As rents increase, so does your income.
If your goal is to generate passive income, REITs are a great option. The dividends they pay can provide you with a steady stream of income, and you don’t have to worry about the day-to-day management of the property.
Rental properties can appreciate in value over time, allowing you to build equity in the property. You can also use this equity as collateral for other investments or take out a home equity loan to access cash.
Investing in REITs or in rental properties both have tax advantages. At the trust level, REITs don’t have to pay income tax, but a lot of their dividends are taxed as ordinary income.
But if you invest directly in real estate, you can deduct operating costs and depreciate the asset, which can cut your taxable income by a lot.
If you’re the type of investor who likes to have complete control over your investments, then rental properties may be a better option for you.
Controls include which markets and assets to invest in, how much debt to use, whether to manage the property yourself or hire a professional property manager, and when to make capital improvements or sell properties.
- Bonds pay a fixed amount of interest and have a set date when they must be paid off. On the other hand, REITs are productive assets that can keep growing in value forever.
- Though bonds offer higher yields than REITs, there is no growth potential for investors, they will only receive interest.
- If you’re more concerned about keeping your money secure than making a profit, bonds are the way to go. The reason for this is that bond holders are assured of receiving their initial investment back when their bond matures.
- It’s true that unlike bonds, REIT shares don’t have a set maturity date and their value isn’t guaranteed when sold. Bonds, on the other hand, offer no hedge against inflation, so you face a big risk that the dollar’s value will go down.
Real estate investment trusts (REITs) tend to gain in value over time as the value of the underlying real estate rises and as rents from tenants increase over time.
Stocks are a type of investment that gives you ownership in a company. When you own stocks, you have the potential to earn dividends and capital gains.
REITs behave somewhat similar to stock in many ways.
- Investors buy shares to invest in a firm. The corporation can buy several things with investor funds. Similarly in REIT, investors also buy shares. The capital funds the company’s real estate assets. This may involve buying, remodeling, managing, or maintaining properties.
- REITs are specifically for real estate based investments while stocks cover a wide range of categories which may or may not contain real estate.
- Like stocks, some REITs are high-risk investments that seek big gains, while others are low-risk picks that aim for steady returns with small gains. REITs do best when the value of the properties they own goes up. Stock prices, on the other hand, can be affected by a wide range of economic factors.
- Bonds, preferred stocks, and utilities are more affected by changes in interest rates than REITs.
Convertible securities are a type of security that can be converted into another type of security. For example, a convertible bond can be converted into shares of stock.
Convertible bonds and convertible preferred stocks are considered the direct competitors of REITs.
- These instruments offer yields equivalent to many REITs and appreciation potential if the common stock into which the convertible bonds or preferred stock can be converted rises significantly.
- Convertibles are appealing to investors because if the common stock fails to appreciate, convertible bonds have a fixed maturity date
- Good convertibles are hard to find because most companies don’t offer them while REITs are always available. The investor who wants a high yield just has to keep an eye out for these hybrids. Once in a while, there is a small window of time when convertibles can be bought.
You are missing out if you haven’t yet subscribed to our YouTube channel.
Here are the top five REITs by market capitalisation.
A REIT that owns premier shopping centers, dining, entertainment and mixed-use destinations in North America, Europe and Asia. As of June 30, 2020, Simon owned or held an interest in 205 retail real estate properties in 36 states across the United States and Puerto Rico.
The company also owns 116 international properties located primarily in Europe and Asia.
Next is Brookfield Property Partners LP (NASDAQ: BPY), one of the world’s largest real estate investors.
Brookfield Property Partners owns a diversified global portfolio of real estate assets, valued at over $70 billion, including office buildings, retail, multifamily, industrial, hospitality and self-storage properties.
The company has interests in over 200 major capital markets across North America, Europe and Asia.
A REIT engaged in the ownership and management of timberlands in the United States and Canada. Weyerhaeuser owns or controls approximately 23 million acres of timberlands in the US, with nearly 16 million acres in Washington state alone.
In Canada, the company owns or controls approximately 11 million acres of timberlands.
It is one of the largest real estate investment trusts in the United States. Equity Residential owns or has interests in 302 properties, totalling more than 73 million square feet, across major metropolitan areas in 23 states and the District of Columbia.
The company’s portfolio consists primarily of high-quality multifamily apartment communities that are well-occupied and have stable long-term occupancy rates and rent growth potential.
It is a real estate investment trust engaged in the development, redevelopment, acquisition, ownership and management of multifamily communities throughout the United States.
As of September 30, 2020, AvalonBay owned 283 multifamily communities containing 84,479 rental units, including 12 communities under development containing approximately three thousand units.
Advanced Property Development Books Bundle
Looking for an edge in the property development game?
This Advanced Property Development Books Bundle is for you. 572+ pages chock-full of insights on residential + commercial property development and investment, this bundle spans 18 ebooks. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro, these books will take your development game to the next level.
Includes 18 x advanced detailed eBooks
✓ 7 Real Estate Negotiation Tactics That Win More Deals - 25 pages
✓ 7 Easy Steps To Market Your New Development Project - 30 pages
✓ Improve Your Development Game With Development Economics - 40 pages
✓ How To Get Development Approval FAST? - 49 pages
✓ Advanced Real Estate Market Analysis In 13 Easy Steps - 34 pages
✓ Invest In Commercial Property To Achieve Your Investment Goals - 22 pages
✓ 10 Finance Options For Your Next Property Development Project - 29 pages
✓ 13 Golden Rules Of Investing In Commercial Real Estate - 28 pages
✓ 6 Ways To Invest In Commercial Real Estate – The Complete Guide
✓ Commercial Development 101: Become an Expert - 34 pages
✓ Definitive Guide To Commercial Property Investment - 24 pages
✓ A Beginner’s Guide To Apartment Development (Tips & Principles) - 33 pages
✓ How To Build Townhouses And Develop Villas Successfully? - 41 pages
✓ How To Sell A Commercial Property In Record Time? - 25 pages
✓ Raw Land Development - What you need to know - 34 pages
✓ Single Family Homes: Learn Property Development Without Financial Risk - 33 pages
✓ What Exactly Is Equity Finance And How Does It Work? - 42 pages
✓ Real Estate Market – 6 Tips for Timing The Market - 19 pages
When selecting REITs, it’s essential to consider your investment goals and risk tolerance. Some factors that you should consider are the geographic region where the REIT operates, the type of property it owns, and the company’s size.
It’s also essential to research a REIT’s financial stability and management team. Make sure to review the company’s track record and compare its dividend yield with other investments.
Finally, be sure to consult with a financial advisor to see if investing in a real estate trust is right for you. If it is, you need to decide which type of REIT you want to invest in.
The main benefits of listed property trusts and their popularity among small individual investors are that they are highly liquid. Also, they offer the opportunity to invest in a professionally managed portfolio of high-quality commercial real estate for a low entry fee, but they also provide a lot more.
Historically, listed property trusts have delivered between 7% and 9% yields. It is higher than any other stock exchange sector and nearly doubles the overall market average. It also outperforms returns from residential real estate.
The high yields are because trusts distribute all of their profit to unitholders as distributions. They don’t save profits for future investments.
Property trusts provide individual investors with a tax-advantaged portion of their distribution through depreciation allowances on their properties.
However, this taxable income benefit is not always as beneficial to investors as franking credits connected to stock dividends. Due to various tax deductions, there is also a tax-deferred component.
This component may account for up to 100% of the entire distribution. Investors do not pay tax on this component of the pay-out until they sell their trust units, at which point they pay tax at the concessionary capital gains rate.
Property trusts can be purchased for as little as $1000 or even less, though broking fees might make such a tiny investment unprofitable.
Following a slow start, most trusts have taken advantage of Australia’s low-interest rates to build their holdings with borrowed funds in recent years.
In the early 1990s, high debt levels contributed to the demise of several trusts, resulting in an average gearing ratio of approximately 5% by 1996. However, other investment funds now have gearing ratios of around 35% due to increased borrowings.
Debt management abilities are becoming more crucial in the trust industry, as borrowings allow managers to purchase more and better properties and diversify their portfolios.
However, there is concern that low-interest rates will encourage trust managers to borrow to achieve growth—and hence increase their management fees—by allowing them to acquire properties of worse quality.
It comes when the industry is complaining about a lack of high-quality large properties in Australia. The capacity to obtain returns higher than mortgage rates has been a critical component in property trusts’ recent outstanding performance.
However, if interest rates rise, this could be a negative.
There is a wealth of information about the leading trusts. Each trust must issue a PDS and present an annual report because they are on the stock exchange.
Furthermore, because most REITs are such a significant component of the stock market, broking houses regularly prepare sector analyses and reports for their clients.
Several independent information companies provide regular industry research, mainly for the benefit of financial advisors, but anybody can access their content.
While some trusts invest in just one or two buildings, most do so across a portfolio. It gives small investors access to various properties while protecting them if they have problems.
It distinguishes them from property syndicates, which typically invest in just one, or occasionally two or three, properties.
Property Finance Made Easy
We specialise in Development funding | Commercial finance | Construction loans | Portfolio refinancing & Property investment loans in Australia.
How To Get Started With REITs? [Part 2-2]